A hernia is when an organ or tissue bulges through a weak spot in the muscle or surrounding tissue. There are different types of hernias, which can be classified according to their causative mechanism and the area of the body where they occur. The most common type of hernia is an abdominal hernia, which occurs when there is a weakening or defect in the abdominal wall. This can allow abdominal contents to bulge through the opening. Another common type of hernia is a groin hernia, which occurs when there is a weakness in the inguinal canal. This canal is a passageway for nerves and blood vessels to the lower extremities. Hernias can also occur in other areas of the body, such as the diaphragm or around the navel. In some cases, hernias may be present at birth. However, they can also develop over time due to factors such as strain on the muscles and ligaments.

Signs and Symptoms

Symptoms of a hernia include a lump or bulge in the area where the hernia has occurred; pain or discomfort, especially when coughing, bending over, or lifting; and a burning, gurgling, or pulling sensation at the hernia site. If you think you may have a hernia, it is important to see your doctor so that they can diagnose the condition and recommend treatment. There may be a dull aching pain or a sensation of feeling full or bowel obstruction.

Diagnosis and tests

A physical examination of the affected region presents with a bulge. In males, in case of inguinal hernias, the doctor examines around the testicular area and groin while being asked to cough.

Imaging like a CT scan can help with the diagnosis.


You will need surgical intervention in case of a hernia. The procedure may need to be done immediately as the condition can be grossly painful in most cases. The surgery is done under general anaesthesia, and you will need hospital admission for the same.

Various surgical options are available for repairing hernias, depending on their type and location. With p Hernias can usually be effectively repaired with proper treatment and does not typically cause long-term complications. Either an open surgery or a laparoscopic surgery is performed, with the difference being in terms of invasiveness of the procedure. With an experienced laparoscopic surgeon, you can be assured of a less invasive procedure with minimal incisions and quick recovery.