Haemorrhoids / Piles

 

 

 

Piles, also known as haemorrhoids, are swellings that develop inside and around the anal canal. Piles are usually small, round swellings that develop in your lower rectum and anus. They can be itchy and painful and may bleed during a bowel movement. They are caused by increased pressure on the blood vessels in the anal canal. Piles are a very common condition, affecting up to one in three people at some point in their lives, affecting both men and women, and often develop after the age of 30

Anyone can develop piles, but they are more common in people who suffer from chronic constipation or diarrhoea.

Signs and Symptoms

The signs and symptoms of piles include bleeding from the anus, anal itching , swelling, pain or discomfort when passing stools, and a feeling of fullness or heaviness in the anal area. In severe cases, piles can prolapse (protrude) through the anus.

Diagnosis and tests

Haeemorrhoids are diagnosed only via physical examination ,generally no further investigations are done with certain exceptions. 

Treatment

Haeemorrhoids can be treated with minimal invasive approach using laser. In certain cases we use a special stapler which also does not give any cut on outside skin. However for grade IV hemorrhoids open procedure is done called as hemorrhoidectomy.

Diet and lifestyle management are imperative to curing piles. It is mostly a stress induced disease; however, after surgery with proper care, relapse can be prevented.